The Science of Distribution Management: Explained

Posted by D&V Accounting Services
Aug 05, 2014
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Distribution systems play a critical role in the efficient and effective delivery of products and services from producers to consumers. These systems are now more important than ever, as they are increasingly reliant on the internet to provide a new model for businesses and trading partners to connect and collaborate.  

jeshoots-com-fzOITuS1DIQ-unsplash (2)By leveraging online and analytical tools, distribution systems can streamline operations, reduce costs and improve customer satisfaction, making them an essential component of modern commerce.  

In this blog, we will delve into the science of distribution system, explore the different components of a distribution system and discuss some of the strategies that can help businesses streamline their distribution operations to stay competitive in the rapidly evolving marketplace. 

The Elements of Distribution 

Distribution systems in distribution management include six elements, also known as "channels for six C". The analysis of these six "Cs" is the basis of the distribution system. 

  1. Cost 
  2. Capital 
  3. Control 
  4. Market Coverage 
  5. Features (Character) 
  6. Continuity 


Cost is the first to consider when developing a distribution strategy. The cost of a distribution system is divided into two parts: development costs and maintenance costs. 

  • First, the development costs include fixed investments in equipment and research expenses. 
  • Second, maintenance costs cover equipment rentals, vehicle fuel consumption, staff wages and other variable costs. 

Some distribution systems may have low development costs but high maintenance overheads, while others require significant investments in the early stages of development but have lower post-maintenance costs. Therefore, when selecting a distribution system, it is essential to strike a balance between these two costs from a long-term development perspective. 

Effective cost management in distribution systems requires regular monitoring and optimization. This involves analyzing cost data, identifying inefficiencies and implementing measures to reduce costs while maintaining service quality. By prioritizing cost efficiency in distribution management, businesses can increase their profitability and competitiveness in the marketplace. 


Another important factor in the distribution system is to consider the different ways of funding requirements and cash flow.  

For companies looking to establish their own distribution systems, a significant capital investment is usually required to cover the cost of equipment, technology, infrastructure and personnel. By dealing directly with customers or end-users, companies can retain greater control over the distribution process and reduce their reliance on third-party distributors. 

However, this approach can also require substantial subsidies or financial support at the beginning, as companies may need to cover the initial costs of setting up and operating their own distribution channels. 

Read: Big Data Technology: A Crucial Intangible Asset to Boost Business Value 


Control refers to the ability to manage distribution channels. This allows the company to better supervise the sales staff to understand the changes in market demand, and thus find a more effective way to sell their products and services. 

Despite the large investment, enterprises set up their own distribution system to ensure control of the company's distribution channels. To further enhance control, companies are advised to streamline their distribution channels by shortening them. The feasibility of this approach depends on the company's financial resources and management capabilities.  

By shortening distribution channels, companies can reduce the number of intermediaries involved in the sales process, which reduces costs and improves efficiency. This ultimately leads to better control over the distribution process, which can improve overall business performance. 

Market Coverage 

The three-tier market coverage goals are: 

[1] Achieving the target sales, 

[2] Reaching the target market share, and 

[3] Achieving satisfactory market penetration. 

However, there may be instances where companies are unable to achieve all three goals simultaneously. Therefore, companies need to prioritize these goals and clarify which one is the most important for the long-term development of the company's core objectives. 

Features (Character) 

When developing a channel sales strategy, it is important to consider two key features: these are corporate identity and target market characteristics. 

  • Corporate identity encompasses the nature of the product, including its physical properties, technical content, and other associated products. It also includes the company's size, reputation, and financial status, which can impact its suitability for certain types of channel sales. 
  • Target market characteristics, on the other hand, include customer characteristics, middlemen features, and competitor characteristics. When determining the appropriate distribution channels, it is important to consider customer behavior, such as purchase frequency and preferences. Additionally, the role of intermediaries, including their ability to handle storage and transportation costs as well as advertising costs, should be taken into account. 

Furthermore, a comprehensive understanding of corporate identity and target market characteristics can help a company create an optimal channel sales strategy that meets its unique needs and objectives. 


Continuity is crucial for the sustainability of distribution channels. Choosing the appropriate distribution method can help ensure the smooth flow of sales and maintain stability. To prevent any interruption in the distribution channels, it is essential for a company to establish strong branding and customer loyalty. This can be achieved through effective marketing strategies, customer service, and the consistent delivery of high-quality products. 

Moreover, companies should regularly assess the performance of their distribution channels and adjust their strategies as needed to optimize their effectiveness. By prioritizing continuity and implementing these measures, companies can strengthen their distribution channels and improve their overall sales performance. 

Distribution of Management Information 

Distribution management platforms for enterprises were created in consideration of the complexity of the apparel industry operations. These platforms focus on sales and inventory data, using flexible and diversified marketing strategies to reduce administrative costs and maximize profits. 

Through centralized management and control, these platforms can enhance enterprise-wide collaboration capabilities and improve the control of enterprise resource allocation and sales coordination. This helps to prevent risks, increase efficiency, reduce costs, and standardize management practices. 

By leveraging these platforms, apparel enterprises can better manage their inventory, monitor sales performance, and streamline their operations. This allows them to respond quickly to market changes, optimize their supply chain, and improve customer satisfaction. Ultimately, distribution management platforms can help apparel enterprises stay competitive in an ever-changing marketplace. 

The Bottom Line 

Effective distribution management is critical for businesses to successfully navigate the complexities of modern markets. By leveraging data analytics, technology, and innovative strategies, companies can streamline their operations, optimize their supply chain, and deliver value to customers.  

From understanding the nuances of different distribution channels to managing inventory and coordinating sales efforts, distribution management requires a multifaceted approach that prioritizes collaboration, efficiency, and adaptability.  With the right tools and expertise, businesses can develop and implement effective distribution management strategies that drive growth and competitiveness in an ever-evolving marketplace. 

Ready to take the next step? Schedule a free consultation with our team to discuss your unique needs and how we can help. Let us help you unlock the full potential of your data and achieve success in your business. 

You can also download our whitepaper The Rising Frontier: Harnessing The Power Of Business Analytics to learn more about the wonders of data analytics.  

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This post was first published 05 August 2014 and edited 28 March 2023.     Edited by: Angelica Garcia     


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